Fructose1,6-bisphosphatase is a simple but elegant protein. Fructose1,6-bisphosphatase has been studied for a while because it is essential part of gluconeogenesis, which is the formation of glucose from smaller molecules. Fructose1,6-bisphosphatase converts fructose 1,6-bisphosphate to fructose 6-phosphate, by removal of a phosphate.This allows it to continue to the next steps until it is converted into glucose. This reaction might seem small and unimportant, however this enzyme is critical for controlling glucose levels in the body. Without it and gluconeogenesis, blood sugar would be harder to control.
Figure1. (a)TheFBPaseisahomotetramer.Thethreepotentialtargets are shown: (1) the active site of FBPase, (2) the allosteric binding site of AMP, (3) the tetrameric allosteric inhibitor site. PDB coordinates 1KZ813,14 were used. The figure was drawn using POVScript+.37 (b) A closeup of the AMP binding pocket is shown. The three programs used are Dock6, Autodock4, and Surflex and were tested using the crystallographic ligand AMP moved out of the binding pocket (as explained in results section). This figure was drawn using POV- Script+.37 The three conformers of AMP were superimposed with a rmsd of <2.0 Å5 from actual AMP atoms in the crystallographic structure.
With an increase of obesity, fructose1,6-bisphosphatase may be a target for controlling diabetes. There are three targets that researchers at the University of Massachusetts are looking at, as seen in the figure, the active site, the allosteric binding site of AMP, and the tetrameric allosteric binding site. They have found that there are three heterocyclic organofluorine lead compounds.
Fructose1,6-bisphosphatase may seem simple and not very significant, however it is a fascinating enzyme that plays an important part in the regulation of our blood sugar. Without it our bodies would have a difficult time keeping enough sugar in our blood.
Joseph Mendicino,* Fredrich Leibach, and Sesha Reddy, 1978 "Role of Enzyme Interactions in the Regulation of Gluconeogenesis: Phosphorylation of Fructose 1,6-Bisphosphataseand Phosphofructokinase by Kidney Protein Kinase?"
Aleksandra Rudnitskaya, Ken Huynh, Be ́la To ̈ro ̈k,* and Kimberly Stieglitz*
Novel Heteroaromatic Organofluorine Inhibitors of Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
Guqiang Lu, Mark K. Williams, Eugene L. Giroux, and Evan R. Kantrowitz"
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase: Arginine-22 Is Involved in Stabilization of the T Allosteric State?